I don’t subscribe to the idea that there is one diet to rule them all (and in the darkness bind them ;D) or that diet is the most important factor that we can influence to increase life expectancy, but in case anyone is interested: The original, traditional Okinawan diet with the primary caloric reliance on the Satsumu purple sweet potato and to a far lesser extent the pork-belly champuru dish is not really being practiced any more by the young, according to a study published in 2003 by the Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, authored byS. Miyagi at Kanegewa Nutrition University (not sure about their impact factor/journal quality, for what it’s worth). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/23387950_Longevity_and_Diet_in_Okinawa_Japan_The_Past_Present_and_Future
Regarding pork, it’s true that Okinawans following the traditional diet consumed more pork than the average Japanese, but it averages out to less than 10g per person per day. So I’m not sure if that counts as “high” objectively. And as @atomicspacebunny notes, the main source of calories was the Satsumu sweet potato. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11710358
I don’t know what blue zones are, but at the time, the Okinawan diet caught attention because it was a diet which may be bear more responsibility for longevity, given that the socio-economic factors which normally correlate, such as average education-level or per-capita income, did not apply here. Okinawa was the poorest prefecture at the time where their life expectancy from birth was exceeding that of every prefecture in Japan, who as a combined country was first place in OECD rankings.
Speaking of which, I got curious and checked OECD rankings for life expectancy at birth and life expectancy at age 65 across member states from data during the period of 2015-2018.
According to the OECD’s breakdown by country based on data collected from 2015-2018, Japan still is number one in terms of life expectancy at birth across both sexes. Yet the data by sex is slightly different. Japan’s average life expectancy for its men at birth, is edged out by Switzerland at 81.60 vs Japan’s 81.10.
It might be interesting to see how male suicide rates might affect.
Life expectancy at 65 was more surprising to me because it was more mixed across sex and country. Japan’s life expectancy at 65 for both sexes is again first, followed by France, Spain, and Switzerland in that order. But differences by sex were considerably more mixed. Japan’s female life expectancy at 65 was 24.60 and higher than France in second place with 23.60. Yet their male life expectancy was mixed again. Fourth-place Switzerland had 20.0 as their average male life expectancy at 65, highest in the list. Japan and France tied with their average male life expectancy at 65 with a value of 19.60, but were lower than that of Iceland and Australia which both had values of 19.70.