I particularly like the series by Dr Malcolm McKendrick on what causes Heart disease and his collection of paradoxes of populations that have high cholesterol and low rates of heart disease is up to over 100.
I think the debate around the causes of atherosclerosis suffer from the same "blind men describing an elephant" problem as diabetes.
We can see that chronic exposure to Insulin in the blood vessels of dogs can reliably produce atherosclerosis (independent of their lipid state),
You can knock out of insulin production in rabbits can prevent progression of the disease in reliable models.
Apparently in species that can become vitaminC deficient like guinea pigs, producing a deficit of VitC can turn atherosclerosis on and off - independent of lipid status.
So chronic Insulin exposure and VitC deficiency are at least 2 ways you can develop heart disease that have nothing to do with Cholesterol. Both can be remedied with a ketogenic diet including vitC potent plants such as peppers.
The Minnesota Coronary experiment (Ancel Keys) is sufficient to cast doubt on the idea that lowering Total or LDL cholesterol will reduce cardio vascular disease, as it did the first thing (lowered cholesterol 13.8%) and did the opposite of the second thing (22% higher risk of death for each mg/dl reduction of cholesterol).
At the very least someone who holds to the cholesterol hypothesis must explain the confounders - which I have never seen anyone do. The only thing anyone has ever done to refute that study was to pretend it doesn't exist - and that includes the lead author (Ancel Keys who sat on it for 18 years and published the results as he was retiring in the least influential journal he could).