Okay you have some good points. I believe as you believe that we just don’t want it bad enough as a majority. You’re not going to convince people in L.A. and Phoenix to give up their cars. People are still spending money for gas hog vehicles that are at the bottom end of what the government allows the auto industry to produce fuel economy wise.
Some people care about things and buy hybrid cars but they have their own toxic footprint with their batteries and the factories that produce them.
And yes, there are many areas of Africa that are underdeveloped and exploited for natural resources. Underdeveloped as in no irrigation, infrastructure, medical care and hospitals or safe water supply. Those conditions exist in many parts of the world still. It may be because of colonialism as you say or huge corporate entities in most cases. So I’m not trying to oversimplify the issue either. I don’t believe there is a simple answer.